Wide-ranging travel has always been part of the WCTU’s history (think of Frances Willard’s speaking tours, and of the WCTU organizers who collected 7.5 million signatures on the Polyglot Petition in the 1880s). Imagine the warm welcome those women received when they got back home to Evanston! These thoughts came to mind on July 26 when a group of WCTU documents and artifacts, on loan to the National Constitution Center (NCC) in Philadelphia, was returned to the Willard Archives after a 6-year, 11-museum grand tour of the US.
The travel adventure began in late 2011, when the NCC contacted the Willard Archives about borrowing artifacts for an upcoming exhibit illustrating the 18th and 21st amendments. Always ready to share the story of the WCTU’s historical significance, we invited the registrar to visit. From the wealth of material in the Archives, she chose several items to represent the energy and multifaceted mission of the WCTU:
- A copy of Willard’s 1895 handbook, “Do Everything”
- One of our many gavels (indicative of the WCTU’s professionalism as an organization)
- A poster advertising a lecture by Dio Lewis, who inspired the 1873 Woman’s Crusade
- The 1876 letter from Susan B. Anthony congratulating Willard on adding suffrage to the WCTU’s platform
- Banners from the Loyal Temperance Legion (the children’s branch of the WCTU)
- A “White Ribbon Hymnal” songbook of temperance tunes
- Instructional manuals for temperance education teachers
After massive paperwork (don’t worry, curators and conservationists!), the items left for Philadelphia in an art-shipment truck. “Prohibition” opened in the fall of 2012, and was so successful that the NCC sent it on the road as a traveling exhibit, retitled “American Spirits: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition.” https://tinyurl.com/y8uw6jum
Although the exhibit and its promotional material featured some of the sensationalized elements of the Prohibition era—flappers, bootleggers, etc.—it also drew serious attention to the temperance movement and the work of the WCTU. Originally slated for installation in seven museums (in St. Paul, St. Louis, Indianapolis, Seattle, Grand Rapids, Austin, Omaha), the “American Spirits” tour was extended twice, playing in Peoria and Pittsburgh before disbanding for good in June, 2018.
Now, as we unpack the shipment, glad as we are to replace the well-traveled items in their familiar archival boxes, we are grateful to our museum colleagues around the country who hosted the exhibit and handled our items with scrupulous care, and to the NCC for giving the Willard Archives the opportunity to share some of our treasures with a far-flung audience.
For more information about the exhibit, the Willard Archives items displayed, or the national and international travels of WCTU women throughout the ages, contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Sneak preview: a streamlined version of the “American Spirits” exhibit will be opening at the Evanston History Center in 2019 to commemorate the ratification of the 18th amendment…. details later….